Orthopedic Treatment For Jumper's Knee

by Administrator 26. May 2017 09:58

Jumper’s Knee, also known as Patellar Tendonitis is a condition wherein injury or inflammation occurs at the location where the tendon attaches to the bone in the knee. In simple terms, stress overload due to jumping is termed as Jumper’s Knee. An elaborate treatment and rehabilitation program is necessary in order to fully recover from this condition.

Causes

  • Repetitive stress on the patellar or quadriceps tendon while jumping
  • Regularly playing sports such as basketball, volleyball, high or long jump
  • Excessive body weight
  • Having an increased angle of the knee
  • Being bow-legged or knock-kneed may increase the risk
  • Limb length inequality
  • Inappropriate jumping and landing technique
  • Playing on hard surfaces
  • Overtraining

Symptoms

  • Pain in the lower pole of the patella
  • Aching and stiffness in the knee after exercise
  • Constant pain in case of severe injuries
  • Difficulty in performing sports activity

Diagnosis

  • The orthopedic doctor may ask the patient regarding the history of injury and associated symptoms
  • A thorough examination of the injured knee may be conducted to determine the severity of pain
  • Imaging tests such as X-Rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or Ultrasonography may be conducted to arrive at a diagnosis
  • Tendon abnormalities may be checked while performing the imaging tests
  • The range of motion of the hip, knee and ankle joint may be tested by the orthopedic doctor

Treatment

Non-surgical treatment

  • The patient may be advised to decrease all the activities that put pressure on the knee and upper leg
  • Application of ice packs several times a day, especially after activity may be prescribed by the doctor
  • The doctor may also advise the patient to wear a knee support or a jumper’s knee strap around the tendon just below the knee
  • Patella taping technique may also be used in order to provide relief from the strain in the knee
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication may prove to be helpful in reducing the knee discomfort to a certain extent
  • Ultrasound or laser treatments are also used in certain cases so as to reduce pain and inflammation and assist in the healing process
  • Cross friction massage is recommended in cases of chronic Jumper’s Knee
  • Strengthening and flexibility exercises can help in regaining normal range of knee motion
  • Enzyme balance in the tendons can be restored by using specially formulated injections

Surgical treatment

  • Surgical intervention may be required if the patient does not respond well to any of the conservative treatment methods
  • The surgery involves making an incision over the patella tendon and removing the abnormal tissue
  • The patient can generally get back to playing sports within 6-12 months depending on the nature of the injury

Get in touch with an orthopedic doctor in case you suspect Jumper’s knee.

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