Knee Protection During Winters

by Administrator 30. October 2017 11:42

Joint pain is rampant in winters and for those suffering from problems like Arthritis, it is an even bigger problem.

One cause of such pains is the change in the atmospheric pressure around us also known as barometric pressure. A drop in the air pressure around us results in swelling of tissues around the joints leading to more pain. Another cause that rheumatologists point at is the increased viscosity of the tissues in the joints. This decreases the natural elasticity of the muscles, which exasperates the aches and pains in our joints.

There is one more underrated cause of joint paints and that is depression. Researchers have found a link between seasonal depression and an increase in the intensity of joint aches. People prone to depression tend to go out less in winters and that worsens the condition of their joints.

The following are some tips to protect knee joints in the dead of winter:

Exercise

It is a no brainer that exercising is the key to healthy joints. It keeps the blood flowing and this means the joints remain supple and pain free. Good blood flow is critical when it comes to joints. Those suffering from Winter Arthritis will benefit from low impact activities such as swimming, resistance training and cycling at a slow speed. Stationery bikes are ideal for the purpose.

Drink Lots Of Water

Water is the solution to most of our health problems. It also helps in lubricating the cartilage between the joints. This inevitably leads to less friction between the joints and resultant less pain. High water consumption also takes care of bodyweight and this means less stress on the joints.

Physical Therapy And Massage

For those with chronic pain, physical therapy is great for strengthening the tissues around the knee joints. Massaging the joints keeps the blood flowing. It is recommended to massage the knee joints at least once a week and this should be done up to 8 weeks for optimal results.

Heated Pools

Swimming in heated pools is highly beneficial in reducing knee pain. It soothes the joints in addition to being a great low impact workout.

Dressing Up

During winters, the slightest negligence in keeping us protected from its blistering winds and cold chills can be detrimental to the knee joints. Layering up clothes trap in the body warmth, which is great for joints. Wear shoes with good tread and avoid slippery places.

If you are suffering from knee pain, get in touch with the orthopedic doctors at OrthoTexas.

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

by Administrator 23. October 2017 20:11

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Common Knee Injuries For Slip And Fall Accidents

by Administrator 29. September 2017 07:50

Slip and fall accidents are one of the major causes of knee injuries that require immediate medical attention. While there are different types of knee injuries with varying degrees of severity, there are some commonalities in all of them.

The orthopedic doctors always try to use conservative treatment methods for knee injuries due to slip and fall accidents. Surgery is only performed in extreme cases where the injury is of a serious nature. It is important to know that knee injuries require a significant amount of time for complete recovery.  

The knee injuries caused due to slip and fall accidents are broadly divided into four categories that have been explained below in detail:

  • Bone Fractures: Suddenly tripping or falling hard on your knees can cause grave damage to the kneecap or fracture the knee joint. Patellar or kneecap fracture is a serious condition that requires surgical intervention. However, a cast or brace can be used if the bone is not displaced from its original position. The ligaments connected to the kneecap are also affected as a result of the injury. Therefore, it is important to undergo physical therapy after surgery to regain normal range of motion. It takes several months before the patient can put all his weight on the affected knee. Patients with kneecap fractures are also at a higher risk of developing Arthritis and chronic pain.
  • Torn Ligaments: The ligaments in the knee also get affected when a person suffers a slip and fall accident. Meniscus tear is one of the most common tears that occur due to sudden twisting of the knee with the foot firmly planted on the ground. The symptoms of a Meniscus tear include extreme pain, inflammation and limited range of knee motion. Although minor tears can heal on their own, surgery is essential for a major tear. The surgical procedure involves removing the cartilage from the knee. 
  • Sprains: A muscle or tendon sprain is a common occurrence in slip and fall accidents. The ligaments get overstretched and are unable to handle sudden stress due to which a person experiences sprains. Symptoms of sprains include pain, inflammation and bruising at the site of injury. Conservative treatment methods such as rest, application of ice packs and compression can provide relief to a great extent. If the damage is severe, the doctor might use braces to immobilize the knee while it heals.
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries: A sudden twist or jerk can cause the knee to bend unnaturally backward and cause an ACL injury. A “popping” or “cracking” sound can be heard at the time of injury. The patient also experiences symptoms such as pain and inflammation. An ACL injury can be partial or complete depending on the severity of the stress put on the ligament. Avulsion can also occur in serious cases and this can lead to extreme discomfort in the patient.

For treatment of knee injuries, visit the orthopedic doctors at OrthoTexas. Call at (214) 618 - 5502 to schedule an appointment.

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All About Osteoarthritis

by Administrator 21. September 2017 17:01

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Knee Pain-Prevention And Treatment

by Administrator 29. August 2017 09:17

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All About Kneecap Instability

by Administrator 26. July 2017 10:22

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Hamstring Tendinopathy

by Administrator 27. June 2017 09:57

The hamstring muscles i.e. the semimembranosus, the semitendinosus, and the biceps femoris, allow the hip to move forward with every step. With repetitive motion, such as running, biking, rowing, these muscles get strained and cause hindrance in the movement. The condition is termed as Hamstring Tendinopathy or Hamstring Tendonitis. It is characterized by severe pain in buttocks, which may worsen with prolonged sitting and may also radiate down to the legs. The pain occurs gradually and may aggravate with repetitive activities such as running, biking, etc.

If not treated immediately, the condition may become severe and lead to Hamstring Tendinosis

Risk Factors:

  • Growing Age – With increase age, the muscle mass and strength may reduce
  • Being overweight
  • Gender – Females are more prone to developing this condition
  • Previous injuries to hamstrings, knee or groin
  • Stiffness
  • Not performing proper stretching exercises before participating in sports activities
  • Muscle imbalances – An imbalance between the hamstrings and quadriceps muscles makes a person more susceptible to hamstring injuries

Causes:

  • Repetitive activities
  • Inappropriate stretching exercises
  • Excessive training
  • Muscle fatigue

Symptoms:

  • Pain in deep buttocks and posterior thighs
  • Pain may also extend to back of the upper legs (thighs)
  • Inflammation

Diagnostic Procedures:

The symptoms of Hamstring Tendinopathy are quite similar to orthopedic conditions such as Sciatica, Piriformis Syndrome, Stress Fracture, etc. In order to prevent misdiagnosis, the doctors perform a detailed diagnosis to confirm the condition and its severity. The tests may include:

  • MRI
  • Palpation
  • Puranen-Orava test
  • Bent-knee stretch test

Treatment:

  • RICE therapy may help to reduce inflammation in the affected area.
  • Certain exercises may be suggested by the physical therapist to treat strengthen the muscles. These may also help to avoid future injuries.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication may be prescribed to drugs to reduce pain and inflammation

If the conservative treatment methods do not work, the doctor may recommend the patient to undergo surgery.

  • Debridement
  • Tendon Release

The doctors at OrthoTexas, Frisco, offer treatment for Hamstring Tendinopathy and a wide range of conditions causing knee pain. To schedule an appointment, fee free to call at (214) 618 – 5502 or visit 5757 Warren Pkwy, Suite 180, TX 75034.

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Orthopedic Treatment For Jumper's Knee

by Administrator 26. May 2017 09:58

Jumper’s Knee, also known as Patellar Tendonitis is a condition wherein injury or inflammation occurs at the location where the tendon attaches to the bone in the knee. In simple terms, stress overload due to jumping is termed as Jumper’s Knee. An elaborate treatment and rehabilitation program is necessary in order to fully recover from this condition.

Causes

  • Repetitive stress on the patellar or quadriceps tendon while jumping
  • Regularly playing sports such as basketball, volleyball, high or long jump
  • Excessive body weight
  • Having an increased angle of the knee
  • Being bow-legged or knock-kneed may increase the risk
  • Limb length inequality
  • Inappropriate jumping and landing technique
  • Playing on hard surfaces
  • Overtraining

Symptoms

  • Pain in the lower pole of the patella
  • Aching and stiffness in the knee after exercise
  • Constant pain in case of severe injuries
  • Difficulty in performing sports activity

Diagnosis

  • The orthopedic doctor may ask the patient regarding the history of injury and associated symptoms
  • A thorough examination of the injured knee may be conducted to determine the severity of pain
  • Imaging tests such as X-Rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or Ultrasonography may be conducted to arrive at a diagnosis
  • Tendon abnormalities may be checked while performing the imaging tests
  • The range of motion of the hip, knee and ankle joint may be tested by the orthopedic doctor

Treatment

Non-surgical treatment

  • The patient may be advised to decrease all the activities that put pressure on the knee and upper leg
  • Application of ice packs several times a day, especially after activity may be prescribed by the doctor
  • The doctor may also advise the patient to wear a knee support or a jumper’s knee strap around the tendon just below the knee
  • Patella taping technique may also be used in order to provide relief from the strain in the knee
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication may prove to be helpful in reducing the knee discomfort to a certain extent
  • Ultrasound or laser treatments are also used in certain cases so as to reduce pain and inflammation and assist in the healing process
  • Cross friction massage is recommended in cases of chronic Jumper’s Knee
  • Strengthening and flexibility exercises can help in regaining normal range of knee motion
  • Enzyme balance in the tendons can be restored by using specially formulated injections

Surgical treatment

  • Surgical intervention may be required if the patient does not respond well to any of the conservative treatment methods
  • The surgery involves making an incision over the patella tendon and removing the abnormal tissue
  • The patient can generally get back to playing sports within 6-12 months depending on the nature of the injury

Get in touch with an orthopedic doctor in case you suspect Jumper’s knee.

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Baker’s Cyst: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 25. April 2017 08:50

Baker’s cyst or popliteal cyst is a condition characterized by inflammation caused due to accumulation of fluid behind the knee. When excessive knee joint fluid is squeezed between the bones of the knee, it can get locked in and separate from the joint to a form a sac. Sometimes the fluid pocket behind the knee can burst and leak into the tissues of the lower leg. This can cause inflammation and redness in that part of the leg.
In certain cases, Baker’s cyst might not cause any symptoms apart from swelling at the back of the knee. This condition is mostly seen in women as compared to men as they have a higher probability of developing arthritis that is associated with
Baker’s Cyst. 

Causes

  • Knee damage caused due to a sports-related injury
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gout
  • Juvenile arthritis of knee in children
  • Torn meniscus
  • Any other knee problem or knee joint injury

Symptoms

  • Stiffness and tightness behind the knee
  • Difficulty in extending or flexing the knee
  • A noticeable bulge behind the knee
  • Inflammation behind the knee that can get worse while standing
  • Pain behind the knee and upper calf

Diagnosis

  • The knee surgeon will note down the medical history of the patient and ask questions regarding the visible symptoms
  • The back of the knee of the patient is thoroughly examined to check for redness and inflammation
  • The doctor will also ask the patient if he has any related health problems such as arthritis
  • Imaging tests such as an ultrasound scan or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) might be recommended by the specialist doctor to rule out other conditions such as a tumor or deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Treatment

If Baker’s cyst is not causing any problematic symptoms, it will usually go away on its own and does not require treatment. However, if any underlying condition is causing Baker’s cyst, the specialist doctor will treat the same.

Non-surgical treatment

  • Over-the-counter pain medication can be prescribed to reduce swelling and discomfort
  • Application of ice packs can also prove to be useful in providing relief from pain
  • Aspiration or removal of excess knee fluid with a needle along with cortisone injections can treat the condition
  • Usage of a cane or crutch can also be suggested by the doctor till the patient recovers completely
  • Sometimes, an elastic bandage might also be helpful in relieving pain
  • The patient is advised to maintain a healthy weight so as to not put excessive pressure on the knee

Surgical treatment

  • Surgical intervention is necessary if there is a cartilage tear or any other internal knee problem
  • During the arthroscopic surgery, the knee surgeon removes the swollen tissue that is causing the formation of cyst
  • Physical therapy is recommended post-surgery for proper rehabilitation

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Adolescent Anterior Knee Pain: Orthopedic Frisco

by Administrator 27. March 2017 10:13

Knee is the largest and strongest joint in the body, it is made up of femur (thighbone), tibia (shinbone) and patella (kneecap). Young athletes who do not perform enough stretching and strengthening exercises before training or game play, often experience pain in their knees. This condition is referred to as Adolescent Anterior Knee Pain and is commonly observed in young girls.

Causes –

  • Weakness in the quadriceps muscles
  • Imbalanced hamstrings
  • Problem in hip and leg alignments
  • Wearing improper sports equipment
  • Overdoing sports activities

Symptoms

  • Persistent pain in the knee
  • Popping or crackling sounds herd while walking or climbing stairs
  • Affliction while doing the activities that require bending such as squatting, jumping running etc.

Diagnosis –

The doctor may start by physically examining the patient to determine the cause of pain. For this, he may ask the patient to stand, walk, jump or squat.
During the examination the doctor may also check –

  • Lower leg’s alignment and position of the patella
  • Knee’s stability and hip’s range of motion
  • Signs of tenderness
  • Tightness of the heel cord and flexibility of the feet

To further visualize the structure, the doctor may ask the patients to get an X-ray or MRI scan. These imaging tests allow the doctor to have a clearer view of the bones and tissues that may have been affected. It also helps doctors to understand the root cause of the pain.

Treatment

Adolescent Anterior Knee Pain can be easily treated with the following conservative mode of treatments.

  • Modifying Routine Activities – The doctor may advise the patients to avoid activities that lead to pain. He may ask the patients to do low impact activities, which do not lay too much stress on the knee.
  • Physical Therapy Exercises – Patients may be asked to perform muscle strengthening and stretching exercises to increase knee’s range of motion and restore its functionality.
  • Icing – Putting ice over the affected knee may help to eliminate affliction and inflammation.
  • Correct Footwear - The doctor may advise the patients to wear insoles and orthotics that provide support to the foot and keep the knee at proper position.
  • Medication - Painkillers and anti-inflammatory medicines may be recommended to the patients to alleviate the symptoms.

If you are looking for complete treatment of Adolescent Anterior Knee Pain, visit, OrthoTexas, Frisco at 5757 Warren Pkwy, Suite 180, TX 75034. To schedule an appointment with the doctors you can call at (214) 618 – 5502.

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