Knee Osteoarthritis: Orthopedic Treatment In Frisco, TX

by Administrator 12. May 2015 11:00

Knee Osteoarthritis occurs when the cushioning, known as cartilage, between the joints of the knees wears away. As a result the bones rub more closely to each other causing pain, swelling, stiffness and limiting the ability to move. It is a degenerative disease and an orthopedic doctor must be consulted for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Causes:

  • Age
  • Genes
  • Excessive Weight
  • Repetitive stress
  • Certain sports

Symptoms:

  • Fluctuating pain
  • Stiffness and swelling
  • Crunching or grinding sensation while moving the joint
  • Decreased movement of the knee
  • Warmth in the joint

Risk factors:

  • Old age
  • Certain occupations
  • Obesity
  • Joint injury
  • Genetics
  • Bone deformity

Diagnosis:

The orthopedic doctor may perform a physical examination in order to diagnose Knee Osteoarthritis. He may ask questions about the patient’s medical history to determine the cause of the symptoms.
Some of the questions that the doctor may ask are:

  1. When did the joint pain first occur?
  2. Is the pain persistent or it comes and goes?
  3. Does any activity increase or decrease the pain?
  4. Have you ever injured the joint?
  5. Is the pain severe at particular times of the day?

The doctor may recommend certain imaging tests such as X-ray or MRI to get more information about the condition. The orthopedic surgeon will devise a treatment plan after confirming the severity of the condition.

Treatment:

Non-surgical treatment

  • Rest: It can help relieve pain and ease the symptoms.
  • Weight management: To help reduce knee pain doctor may recommend the patients to maintain appropriate weight.
  • Physical therapy and exercising: The orthopedic surgeon may advice physical therapy and regular exercises. These help regain movement and reduce the stiffness in the knee.
  • Knee braces: The doctor may also prescribe wearing knee braces to keep the knee in proper position, reduce pressure and provide support to the knee.
  • Medications: To help minimize pain and reduce swelling the doctor may prescribe the patients with anti-inflammatory medication.

Surgical treatment

In cases of severe pain and mobility problems, the surgeon may recommend surgery. It is followed by post-surgical care and rehabilitation. Physiotherapy can assist in the healing process and improve strength and flexibility in the joint. It is advisable that the patient visits the orthopedic surgeon regularly for follow check ups.

Prevention:

  • Exercising regularly
  • Maintaining proper weight
  • Rest
  • Manage occupational risk

For more information, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schdeule an appointment, visit 5757 Warren Pkwy, Suite 180, Frisco, TX 75034 or call (214) 618-5502.

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Orthopedic Treatment For Knee Arthritis

by Administrator 6. May 2015 07:43

The wearing off of the cartilage in the knee joint causes Knee Arthritis. There are several factors that can lead to Knee Arthritis like bone spurs, calcium deposition and deposition of fluid around knee joint. Knee Arthritis is a painful condition and affects the ability to perform daily chores.

Causes:

  • Genetically inherited bone abnormality
  • Kneeling, squatting or weight lifting
  • Obesity puts extra pressure on knees and can lead to Knee Arthritis
  • Excess iron deposits and metabolic disorders
  • Injuries caused due to running or doing repetitive activities involving knee movement

Symptoms:

  • Gradual increase in knee pain is felt during initial stages of Knee Arthritis
  • Swelling and tenderness around the knee joint
  • Sensation of warmth around the knee joint
  • Inability to move the knee joint properly after long periods of inactivity 
  • Cracking sound in the knee
  • Inability to perform knee movements
  • Inability to use stairs, drive a car or sit easily in a chair
  • Loss of joint space due to calcium deposition and wearing of cartilage
  • Change in the appearance of the knee

Diagnosis:

In order to diagnose Knee Arthritis the orthopedic surgeon may begin with a physical examination and by confirming the medical history of the patient. He may recommend undergoing some tests like X-ray and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to get insights about the exact knee condition. After determining the extent of the condition the orthopedic surgeon determines the course of treatment to follow.

Treatment:

The orthopedic surgeon can decide to go with non-surgical treatment options or surgery depending on the individual case and the severity of the condition.

Non-surgical treatments include:

  • Decreasing weight can contribute towards controlling the symptoms of Knee Arthritis.
  • Doing strengthening and stretching exercises of the knee can help in restoring the flexibility and mobility of the knee joint. 
  • The doctor may prescribe some anti-inflammatory medications to reduce the knee joint pain and swelling.
  • The doctor might recommend supporting braces or devices to provide assistance to the knee while walking. Support braces are commonly used for providing support to the knee joint.
  • Some specific knee workouts may also be recommended to help improve the knee joint flexibility and strength.

Surgical treatment:

In severe cases, surgery might be the last option to cure the Knee Arthritis. However, surgery is opted if non-surgical treatments fail to offer relief to the patient.

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