Common Knee Injuries For Slip And Fall Accidents

by Administrator 29. September 2017 07:50

Slip and fall accidents are one of the major causes of knee injuries that require immediate medical attention. While there are different types of knee injuries with varying degrees of severity, there are some commonalities in all of them.

The orthopedic doctors always try to use conservative treatment methods for knee injuries due to slip and fall accidents. Surgery is only performed in extreme cases where the injury is of a serious nature. It is important to know that knee injuries require a significant amount of time for complete recovery.  

The knee injuries caused due to slip and fall accidents are broadly divided into four categories that have been explained below in detail:

  • Bone Fractures: Suddenly tripping or falling hard on your knees can cause grave damage to the kneecap or fracture the knee joint. Patellar or kneecap fracture is a serious condition that requires surgical intervention. However, a cast or brace can be used if the bone is not displaced from its original position. The ligaments connected to the kneecap are also affected as a result of the injury. Therefore, it is important to undergo physical therapy after surgery to regain normal range of motion. It takes several months before the patient can put all his weight on the affected knee. Patients with kneecap fractures are also at a higher risk of developing Arthritis and chronic pain.
  • Torn Ligaments: The ligaments in the knee also get affected when a person suffers a slip and fall accident. Meniscus tear is one of the most common tears that occur due to sudden twisting of the knee with the foot firmly planted on the ground. The symptoms of a Meniscus tear include extreme pain, inflammation and limited range of knee motion. Although minor tears can heal on their own, surgery is essential for a major tear. The surgical procedure involves removing the cartilage from the knee. 
  • Sprains: A muscle or tendon sprain is a common occurrence in slip and fall accidents. The ligaments get overstretched and are unable to handle sudden stress due to which a person experiences sprains. Symptoms of sprains include pain, inflammation and bruising at the site of injury. Conservative treatment methods such as rest, application of ice packs and compression can provide relief to a great extent. If the damage is severe, the doctor might use braces to immobilize the knee while it heals.
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries: A sudden twist or jerk can cause the knee to bend unnaturally backward and cause an ACL injury. A “popping” or “cracking” sound can be heard at the time of injury. The patient also experiences symptoms such as pain and inflammation. An ACL injury can be partial or complete depending on the severity of the stress put on the ligament. Avulsion can also occur in serious cases and this can lead to extreme discomfort in the patient.

For treatment of knee injuries, visit the orthopedic doctors at OrthoTexas. Call at (214) 618 - 5502 to schedule an appointment.

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Knee Fracture: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 26. January 2017 11:08

Knee is the largest and most complex joint in the body comprising of three major bones femur, tibia and patella (knee cap). Other components include fibula, cartilages, ligaments and tendons. This joint is responsible for the flexible movement, bending and folding of the legs. It is highly prone to muscle tear and bone injuries. A fracture refers to a broken bone in the knee which in most cases is patella, but in severe conditions the other major bones are also affected. Based on the severity of injury they are classified into non-displaced, partial displaced and completely displaced fractures.

Risk factors

  • Knee joints  may degenerate with the age
  • Women going through postmenopausal period have decreased bone mass and are prone to fractures
  • People suffering from Osteoporosis have weaker bones
  • Obese people have a higher risk of knee fracture, because  excess weight puts a lot of pressure on the knees
  • Persons doing excessive exercises or playing high impact sports
  • Climbing a lot of stairs puts strain on the knees and damages the cartilage

Causes

  • A sudden jerk in the joint after falling from a moving vehicle
  • Lifting heavy weights
  • A tear in meniscus
  • Weak bones due to calcium and vitamin deficiency

Symptoms

  • Problem in walking
  • Incapability to straighten the knee
  • Swelling and stiffness around the knee
  • Pain
  • Cracking sounds when knee is bent or straightened
  • Change in knee’s shape.
  • Numbness in the leg below the knee

Diagnosis

  • The doctor  may diagnose the severity of injury by taking an X-Ray or a stress radiograph
  • CT scans may be necessary to completely understand the damage caused by the fracture
  • MRI scans may be required to visualize the soft tissue injuries
  • Arthrocentesis (collecting synovial fluid from a joint capsule) may also be done if the patient has Arthritis, to see blood and fat globules which are the indicators of knee fracture

Treatment

Non-surgical treatment

  • Cast: The doctor may advise the patient to put the fractured knee in a cast in order to restrict its movement and promote healing.
  • Medication: Anti-inflammatory medications and painkillers can be prescribed by the doctors to provide relief from pain.
  • Braces/Splint: The use of supportive devices like braces can be suggested by the doctors. After looking at the fracture’s healing speed the immovable braces can be replaced with the flexible ones.
  • Crutches or wheelchair: Doctors may recommend people with knee fractures to use crutches or wheelchair to avoid putting weight on the knee while walking.

Surgical treatment

  • Internal Fixation Surgery: Depending upon the severity of fracture, the doctor may use metal pins and screws to put back the broken bone in place.
  • Knee replacement: In case of unrepairable damage surgeon may remove the patella and replace it with an artificial one.

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