Orthopedic Treatment For Iliotibial Band Syndrome

by Administrator 4. June 2015 10:39

The Iliotibial Band is a thick band of fascia on the rear side of knee that is significant for maintaining the stability of knee during walking and running. Repeated movements and stretching of the knee while running, cycling, hiking or weight lifting make the band rub continuously over the lateral femoral epicondyle and causing its inflammation. The inflamed band creates friction in the lateral part of the knee joint, thus causing severe pain.

Causes

  • Activities causing peculiar leg movement: Iliotibial Band Syndrome results from activities, which repeatedly make the leg, turn inwards such as wearing wrong sized shoes, running downhill or on rough surfaces.
  • Sports activities: Athletes who work out for long hours such as running on tracks are prone to inflammation in their Iliotibial Band. Working out without warming up may also cause inflammation.
  • Overuse: One must avoid repetition and change the activities.
  • Weak hip muscles: These tend to put a lot of pressure on the tissues of the knee.

Symptoms

  • Stinging sensation: One feels a stinging sensation above the knee joint or along the length of the Iliotibial Band when it gets inflamed. There is also a popping tingle felt in the knee while walking or running.
  • Pain: Pain along the length of the knee is felt during running and while trying to turn the knee to a side. One may also feel hip pain due to snapping of the Iliotibial Band.

Treatment

  • Medications: Anti-inflammatory medications may provide relief from the pain and swelling.
  • RICE therapy: Rest, Ice packs, Compression and Elevation, also known as the RICE therapy, can be recommended as it helps in controlling the situation. This is an initial treatment, which keeps the torn or inflamed Iliotibial Band from further deterioration.
  • Physical therapy: Exercises included in the physical therapy include controlled stretching of the knee to improve flexibility and range of movement of the knee. Stretching also helps to loosen the tight areas of the knee.
  • Orthotic shoes: Proper sized shoes and shoe orthotics is also recommended to maintain proper gait and a good posture while walking.
  • Surgery: An orthopedic surgeon may use an arthroscope to reduce the scarring around the Iliotibial Band. The Band can also be lengthened to reduce the stretching, which causes friction and irritation while passing the lateral femoral condyle.

Post surgery rest along with physical therapy can be prescribed for rehabilitation. For more information, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schdeule an appointment, visit 5757 Warren Pkwy, Suite 180, Frisco, TX 75034 or call (214) 618-5502.

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